"WILLIAM: VOK HUMBOLDT. 349 a proud man, opposed to all reforms; and since the war, a perfect confusion and partial dissolution had ensued, and all were longing for assistance and for a thorough reform. Zelter writes to Goethe, on the 26th December, 1808: "We are expecting the Roman Humboldt here now; he has been appointed privy councillor and minister of worship, of instruction, and of the theatres. If he is still as he was before he went to Italy, I anticipate much from him. He can do much good at his post whichever way events may turn, for in this point., as in many others., we have long led a sinful life/' In April, 1809, Humboldt arrived in Koxugsbeig, where the court and tne officers of state still remained. Prussia Vas in a melancholy condition, for the pres - sure and importunity of Napoleon became more and more insufferable, even after the ^peace, and the pecu- niary distress greater. The future existence of the state still seemed uncertain, and many doubted whether it might not be utterly destroyed in a week. But though affairs were thus in such a melan- choly condition, Konigsberg itself afforded a most con- soling prospect. The best men in the state7 full of pure zeal for the welfare of the fatherland, had here assembled, and in close communication with the royal family were preparing measures destined to save the country. Besides these men whom the times had brought together., Konigsberg was, and had been, the residence of some of the most eminent philosophers of the day, whose presence had always exercised an elevating influence over the inhabitants of the town. Foremost among these was Kant, who had died a few years before the present period, and under whose tuition the other great men in the town had risen to eminence. Humboldt entered into more intimate acquaintance with Dr. William Motherby, an excellent man, the friend and pupil of Kant. He was a Scotchman by birth, but resided in Konigsberg., where he formed a society in commemoration of the great phi- losopher. Humboldt, as an adherent of the Kantian.